Recent Research Report

Military Spouse Licensure Portability Examination

The well-being of military spouses can significantly impact Service members. Moreover, military spouses’ well-being is influenced by several factors, such as their career options and mobility of employment. Since many military spouses work in careers that require licenses or credentials, it is important to understand how they can maintain their licensure as they navigate the many changes (e.g., multiple relocations) military families experience. This report presents a review of state legislation that addresses portability of military spouse licensure as well as findings from interviews of staff at occupational boards as to how the legislation is implemented.  Accompanying this report are two-page summaries of the process to transfer licenses and credentials for military spouses in each state who are licensed in six occupations: cosmetology, dental hygiene, massage therapy, mental health counseling, occupational therapy, and real estate commission. The report concludes with recommendations for professionals who work with and on behalf of military families to consider as they advocate for and support efforts to improve licensure portability for military spouses.

Mindfulness: Applications to Military Families

The literature on mindfulness interventions has greatly expanded in recent decades, but there remains a limited amount of research on how mindfulness interventions can be applied to military families and their well-being. This report describes the current research on mindfulness interventions and how these interventions could be used by helping professionals who work with and on behalf of military families. The first part of the report is a summary of an extensive review of theoretical and empirical research on mindfulness, including definitions, theory, and outcome data on mindfulness interventions with parents, children, and youth. The second part of the report focuses on important aspects of mindfulness interventions that helping professionals could consider when designing and implementing programs for military families. The report concludes with recommendations for professionals who work with and on behalf of military families to consider as they integrate mindfulness interventions into programs, policies, and future research that benefit military families.

Fact Sheet - Mindfulness: Applications to Military Families

A Fact Sheet that summarizes the Mindfulness: Applications to Military Families Report.

Child Maltreatment in the Military: Understanding the Research

Efforts to reduce child maltreatment among military families should be based in an understanding of the current research on preventative interventions and the factors that influence their effectiveness. This report summarizes an extensive review of the literature regarding preventative interventions developed to prevent child maltreatment and the negative consequences of maltreatment for military and civilian families. Background regarding child maltreatment, particularly military child maltreatment, is provided, followed by a review of risk and protective factors and existing preventative intervention programs. Ultimately, this research must inform the provision of high-quality preventative interventions and other efforts to reduce military child maltreatment, including future research, policies, and programs.

Fact Sheet - Child Maltreatment in the Military: Understanding the Research

A Fact Sheet that summarizes the Child Maltreatment in the Military: Understanding the Research Report.

Putting Research to Work

Supporting Children After a Disaster: A Case Study of a Psychosocial School-Based Intervention

Children are vulnerable after a natural disaster, and psychosocial programs can be helpful for them to cope with stressors caused by disasters. This study examined the effectiveness of the Journey of Hope program by interviewing children participants who were impacted by a tornado as well as school social workers and facilitators. Results revealed that children, social workers, and facilitators all regarded the program as helpful for children's mental health after a natural disaster.

Social Skills Deficits as a Mediator Between PTSD Symptoms and Intimate Partner Aggression in Returning Veterans

Veterans' posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms may be related to intimate partner aggression, although the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The effect of social skills deficits on the associations between PTSD and intimate partner aggression was examined in the study. Results indicated that social skills deficits partially explained the relationship between PTSD and psychological, but not physical, intimate partner aggression.

Finding Resilience: The Mediation Effect of Sense of Community on the Psychological Well-Being of Military Spouses

Military lifestyle can be challenging for military spouses. The study explored factors that were related to the psychological well-being of military spouses, and also examined how a sense of community may play a role in military spouses’ well-being. Results showed that the psychological well-being of military spouses was linked to a sense of community, which was in turn associated with social support and affect.

Sexual Assault Victimization and Mental Health Treatment, Suicide Attempts, and Career Outcomes Among Women in the US Army

Service members that are victims of sexual assault may experience severe emotional trauma and a variety of negative outcomes following the assault. Administrative records of female, Active Duty, sexual assault victims in the US Army and a comparison group were used to determine associations with negative outcomes. The sexual assault victims had an increased likelihood of experiencing mental health treatment and negative outcomes.

Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Men Who Sustain Intimate Partner Violence: A Study of Helpseeking and Community Samples

Although 25-50% of interpersonal violence victims are male, few studies have explored the association between interpersonal violence and posttraumatic stress disorder in men. This study investigated two types of interpersonal violence, intimate terrorism and common couple violence, and examined differences in the development of postttraumatic stress symptoms. Findings indicate an association between interpersonal violence and posttraumatic stress. Moreover, men who sustained intimate terrorism had an highly increased risk of meeting clinical criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder.

Parent Engagement in Online Mindfulness Exercises Within a Parent Training Program for Post-Deployed Military Families

Online mindfulness training has the potential to reduce military parents' stress level and improve their parenting practice, but little is known about the engagement level of military parents with online mindfulness training or the effectiveness of such training. This study investigated military parents' experiences of an online mindfulness training program. Results revealed modest participation rates of military parents and positive associations between training engagement and parents' dispositional mindfulness.

Implementation of a School Districtwide Grassroots Antibullying Initiative: A School Staff and Parent–Focused Evaluation of Because Nice Matters

Military-connected youth experience a lot of stress resulting from deployments and multiple school transitions. A military-connected school developed a grassroots anti-bullying program called Because Nice Matters (BNM) , its success was analyzed after two years of implementing the program. The results indicate that a the BNM grassroots program resulted in improved rates of bullying in nonmilitary and military-connected students attending the school.

Parental Stress, Discipline Strategies, and Child Behavior Problems in Families with Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Stress and disruptive behavior in children are often topics of concern among parents. This study examined the association between parental stress, parenting strategies, and disruptive behavior problems in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Parental stress was elevated in parents with children with ASD, and children with ASD had increased problem behaviors when parents used harsh or punitive strategies.

 

Recent Research Documents